Nobel prize 2018
By Sandeep nagyaan · 06 Oct 2018
Context: The season of Nobel Prize are going and in three categories the some scientist has won the prize of Nobel Prize 2018.
Who are the winner of Nobel Prize:-
1 Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology:- In this category the Nobel Prize is awarded every for outstanding discoveries in medicine or Physiology. It is one category from the all five categories. The 2018 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine will give jointly to James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo “for the discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation.
What was the discovery of both scientist:- They establish successfully new cancer therapy by stimulating the ability of immune system to attack tumour cells. It is called “Immune checkpoint therapy”. They talk that how brakes on the immune system can be used in the treatment of cancer.
Nobel in Chemistry:- This year the Nobel Prize in Chemistry have won by US scientists Frances Arnold and George Smith and British researcher Gregory Winter. By this discovery of “harnessing power of evolution to develop enzymes and antibodies that have led to new pharmaceuticals and biofuels” they were selected
Nobel in Physics:- Three scientists Arthur Ashkin from (USA), Gerard Mourou from( France) and Donna Strickland from (Canada) are the winner of Nobel Prize 2018 in category of physics. These all scientist selected for his discoveries in different manners Generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses. It innovation of Gerard Mourou and Donna Strickland both whose are selected. Arthur Ashkin selected for optical tweezers and their application to biological systems.