Science & Technology
By Sandeep nagyaan · 21 Sep 2018
The country’s biggest cyclotron facility that will produce radioisotopes vital for diagnosis and treatment of cancer operational last week.
What is Cyclone-30:- It is in established in Kolkata based Variable Energy cyclon Centre, which comes under the department of Atomic Energy (DAE), will start regular production by mid- 2019 after support nuclear system and regulatory clearances are commissioned. The Kolkata facility will provide for affordable radio isotopes and related radiopharmaceuticals for the entire country, especially for eastern states like West Bengal and also have export potential for Germanium-68 and Gallium-68 generator for in-situ production of Gallium-68 and Palladium- 101 isotopes, which are used for cancer treatment. Currently many radioisotopes are imported from nuclear research reactors at Mumbai- based Bhabha Atomic Research Centre(BARC).
Why is Useful:- Machine will produce radioisotopes for nuclear imaging specifically for cancer detection. This high-energy and high-yielding machine will bring down imports, while raising the possibility of exporting radioisotopes in the future. Increase the availability of radioisotopes and bring down the cost of treatment.
Highlight:- A new study in the Lancet Global Health released last week found that 8.3% of the total number of deaths in India in 2016 was because of cancer, and the number of new cases has increased from 5.48 lakh in 1990 to 1.1 million in 2016. The cyclotron became operational when 30 MeV (million electron volt) beam reached the Faraday Cup – a metal cup designed to catch charged particles in vacuum. The beam was used to produce Fluorine-18 isotope to prepare radiopharmaceutical Fluorodeoxyglucose used by the Board of Radiation and Isotope Technology (BARC) to diagnose various types of cancers. VECC also plans to install iodine-123 isotope facility for thyroid imaging and detecting thyroid cancer.